Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI®)
The Myers-Briggs Indicator, MBTI®, is a self-reported questionnaire that assesses how people perceive the environment and make decisions. It was created by Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers during World War II, and the criteria used are based on the proposals that Carl Gustav Jung published in his work Psychological Types.
Personality types - MBTI®
What is personality type?
Jung developed his ideas about personality type in an effort to explain the normal and natural differences between healthy people. Based on his observations, Jung concluded that differences in attitudes and behaviors result from the natural tendencies that people have to use their minds in different ways. As people act on their natural tendencies, they develop corresponding behavioral patterns that they find fulfilling and fulfilling. Jung’s theory of personality types defined eight different patterns of behavior, which he called types, and provided a detailed description of how they develop.
The image of Jung's personality
Jung observed that when people’s minds are active, they are engaged in one of two basic, opposing mental processes: Perceive: capture or collect information Judging: reaching conclusions and making decisions about what they have perceived. The two opposite ways of assimilating information are called Sensing and Intuition. The opposite ways of reaching conclusions and making decisions are called Thinking and Feeling. Jung also saw that people tend to focus their attention and become energized more by interacting with the external world of people, things, and activities, or more by reflecting on the internal world of ideas, thoughts, and observations. He called these two energy orientations Extraversion and Introversion. While each of the four mental processes (perceiving, intuition, thinking, and feeling) has its own predictable characteristics, each also takes on a different character depending on whether the process focuses more on the extraverted outer world or the introverted inner world. .
The 16 Myers-Briggs types do not define personality as 16 static boxes. Rather, they describe a dynamic energy system of interactive personality preferences that express themselves as pairs of opposites. Everyone tends to prefer one of each pair of opposites over the other. Your Myers-Briggs personality type represents your natural preferences in the four aspects of personality described, which explain the natural differences between people. There is nothing right or wrong about these preferences. Each identifies normal and valuable human behaviors.
E EXTRAVERSION or I INTROVERSION Opposite ways of directing and receiving energy. S SENSATION or N INTUITION Opposite ways of assimilating information T THINK or F FEEL Opposite ways of deciding and drawing conclusions. J JUDGE or P PERCEIVE Opposite ways of approaching the outside world
While the names of some of the MBTI preferences are familiar words, their MBTI meaning is somewhat different from their everyday meaning. Note: Extraversion does not mean talkative or loud; Introversion does not mean shy or inhibited; Feeling does not mean being emotional; Judging does not mean to be judging; Perceive does not mean perceptive.
The Myers-Briggs indicator, MBTI®, uses four scales, called dichotomies, defined as opposite pairs between eight categories: I introversion – E extraversion, S sensation – N intuition, T thinking – F feeling, J judgment – P perception. Each category is symbolized by a letter, so that the result is shown with a combination of four letters, among the sixteen possible, that aims to define the personality of the subject. After decades of research, MBTI® is the most widely used tool in the world to understand personality differences between people globally.
Its application is wide:
- Self-knowledge and personal development
- Team building
- Management and leadership training
- Organizational development
- Training in diversity and multiculturalism
- Professional development and exploration
- Academic advising
- Education and curriculum development
- Relationship advice